Renewable energy systems provide homeowners and business owners with numerous benefits, namely offsetting energy costs. The only cost associated with these systems is the cost of equipment and installation. However, any power your home generates from renewable sources is free. It is important to know the difference between the renewable energy systems that are available to determine what will be best for your home or business.
Solar Electric System
Solar electric systems are probably what you think of first when considering a renewable energy system for your home or business. These systems involve having photovoltaic panels installed on your rooftop for maximum sun exposure. Southeast Georgia is a great place to be if you are considering a solar electric system, because of the amount of sunshine we get throughout the year. While the upfront cost of having solar panels installed might seem high, over time they will pay for themselves.
Wind Electric Systems
Wind electric systems involve a wind turbine mounted on a tower. The height gives the turbine access to stronger winds. The kinetic energy produced by the wind moving the turbine powers a generator. A governing system keeps the turbine from spinning out of control in high wind situations. These systems are ideal for rural and remote areas where a connection to the power grid is not economical.
A hydropower system provides the most consistent form of renewable energy if you have water flowing through your property. These systems are ideal for small farms. Hydropower systems harness the energy produced from flowing water by diverting some of the water through a channel to a waterwheel. The energy created can power one specific thing, or generate electricity.
Hybrid Power System
Harnessing the power of both wind and solar will allow you access to more renewable energy more often. Where the peak operating time for solar is typically in the summer, the wind hits its peak in the winter. Utilizing a hybrid wind/solar power system will enable you to operate independently of the power grid with greater ease. The excess power created can be stored in backup batteries for when neither system is producing power.
Off-Grid Renewable Energy Systems
Also called stand-alone systems, off-grid systems do not have a power line that connects them to the main power grid. These systems appeal to those who live in remote locations as well as those wish to reduce their carbon footprint and remain independent from the local power company. If you wish to use an off-grid system, you will need to consider alternative power sources, such as batteries to store power or a hybrid system, for when one source is not producing energy.
Grid-Connected Renewable Energy Systems
Grid-connected systems allow you the benefits of powering your home or business with energy generated by the sun, water, wind, or a hybrid system, while also having access to the main electric grid during those periods when your solar electric system is not producing power. In Georgia, you can sell your excess electricity back to Georgia Power for a credit towards your bill if you have a grid-connected system. Alternatively, you can carry that extra energy over for when you may need more power.
Renewable energy systems give us all options for powering our homes or businesses while saving money and reducing pollution. The right system for you depends on your location and energy needs. However, there is an option for just about every home and business.