Your HVAC system is not something you spend a lot of time thinking about. When you are cold you turn it up and when you are hot you turn it down. That is about the extent of thought you put towards it. While your HVAC may seem unimportant, it is a good idea to learn the different types of HVAC systems out there. It is an especially good idea to know which type of HVAC you have in case you need to make repairs or replacements. Here are the main types of cooling and heating systems that you need to know about.
Heating and Cooling Split Systems
Split systems are one of the most common types of HVAC systems found in homes. They are vital for keeping your home warm in the winter and cool in the summer. They can also provide protection from allergens and keep your air clean. Typically, split systems have five main parts. The first part of a split system is an indoor unit, such as a furnace or air handler. There is also an outdoor unit or air condition unit. You have a thermostat which can be programmable or nonprogrammable. There is a filtration system or the indoor air quality component. Then there is the ductwork that allows the air to flow throughout your home. It is important to make sure each component is working properly so that your home can reach your ideal temperature year round.
Split Hybrid HVAC systems are very similar to traditional split systems and are becoming increasingly popular. However, there is one key difference. Homeowners can choose to have their system electrically fueled rather than with gas. The best thing about hybrid systems is that they can save energy. When it is cold outside heating is provided by an air-source heat pump that uses electricity to heat from outside to inside. When it is hot, the HVAC control tells the system to switch from the heat pump to furnace heating which uses gas, and the heat pump provides air conditioning. These systems contain a heat pump, furnace, evaporator coil, air ducts, and a thermostat. Hybrid systems help save on energy which means you save money!
In some homes running ducts for heating and air is not an option, so ductless systems are installed. Ductless systems usually consist of a wall mounted indoor unit and an outdoor compressor. They contain a heat pump, fan coil, and a thermostat. These systems can vary in size and use wires and tubing connected to an outdoor unit through a small hole. One of the bonuses of these systems is that they are extremely energy-efficient. Traditional systems consume a lot of energy during startup while Duct systems speed up and slow down instead of completely shutting off. Ductless units are ideal for heating and cooling additions and smaller units. These systems can help save on your heating and cooling costs.
Packaged Heating and Air System
Packaged Heating and Air Systems help save on space in homes that don’t have room for a separate heating and cooling unit. These systems combine the components of both into one single unit. Packaged systems contain an air conditioner/heat pump combination, evaporator, fan coil, and thermostat. Besides being space savers, packaged units also have the advantage of being easier to repair. Since all the components are located in one space it makes it easier for technicians to reach all the parts and not have to work in two separate locations, which can help save on repair costs.
At the end of the day no matter which type of HVAC system you have, it is important to know its components, and if your system has issues Downs Heating and Air Conditioning is here to help.